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Chapter Summary

Article 20 of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) addresses children who are not able to live with their families, either because they have lost or become separated from them for a wide variety of reasons or because a competent authority has determined that it is in the child's best interests to be removed from his or her family environment. Article 20 covers a field that is not widely broached in existing international human rights law, and the interpretation of its provisions and obligations is consequently at a relatively early stage. In 2003, there were an estimated 143 million orphans worldwide, the main causes among many being natural disasters, AIDS and armed conflict. The relationship of Article 20 with some of the fundamental principles of the CRC was emphasized in the concluding document of the Day of General Discussion of the CRC Committee in September 2005.

Keywords: AIDS; armed conflict; Article 20; CRC; international human rights law



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