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Comparison with Related International Instruments

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Chapter Summary

The UN Declaration on the Rights of the Child of 20 November 1959 was a source of inspiration for the drafting of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child. However, it does not contain any provision specifically dealing with child adoption. Article 20(3) of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC) develops this rule, stating that alternative care should include, among others, adoption. One of the main mentions of child adoption in an international legal instrument appears in the 1986 UN Declaration on Social and Legal Principles relating to the Protection and Welfare of Children, with special reference to Foster Placement and Adoption Nationally and Internationally (1986 UN Declaration). This text was partly at the origin of Article 21. It is divided in three parts: (i) general family and child welfare, (ii) foster placement, and (iii) adoption.

Keywords: adoption; child welfare; CRC; foster placement; general family; international legal instrument; UN Convention



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