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Chapter Summary

Article 21 of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), together with its interpretation by the CRC Committee, offers substantial protection to children concerned by national or intercountry adoption. However, some issues fall outside the scope of the Article and still need to be addressed. Firstly, before undertaking the adoption process, dissemination of good practices and explanations about the reality of children in need of adoption are crucial. Secondly, once the adoption is completed, the issue of the child's origin (search of origins, access to personal files or even contact with biological parents) deserves greater attention, especially as demands from adopted children have already begun to grow in numbers. As the CRC Committee has stated, adopted children have a right to know their original identity. For this purpose, States are encouraged to establish appropriate procedures, including 'recommended age and professional support measures'.

Keywords: adoption; Article 21; CRC Committee



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