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Chapter Summary

By Article 27(1), States Parties have recognized the right of every child to a standard of living adequate for the child's physical, mental, spiritual and social development. It is therefore necessary to ask who are responsible for ensuring this right, whether they take the responsibility seriously, and what possibilities they have to fulfil it. The right set out in Article 27(1) elaborates on the general principle in Article 6, which confirms the inherent right of every child to life and requires the State to ensure to the maximum extent possible the survival and development of the child. The primary responsibility is by Article 27(2) placed on parents or others responsible for the child. Article 27 illustrates the point now generally accepted that State obligations under international human rights law exist at three levels: the obligations to respect, the obligation to protect, and the obligation to fulfil.

Keywords: Article 27; children's right; inherent right; international human rights law; obligation to fulfil; obligation to protect; obligations to respect; parents



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