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Chapter Summary

Upon adoption of the Convention on the Rights of the Child there was much rejoicing at the potential of Article 40 to transform child justice systems, which were still governed by the punitive, to those more closely aligned to the family court principles of the best interests of the child. The CRC Committee recognizes the limited resources of States and is aware of the threat that this presents to the development of an effective child criminal justice system. The UN Guidelines for Action on Children in the Criminal Justice System call for a strategy to set out how the Panel should be used to activate further international co-operation in the field of child criminal justice. In 1980, the Sixth UN Congress on the Prevention of Crime and the Treatment of Offenders called for the preparation of minimum rules regulating the administration of juvenile justice.

Keywords: child justice systems; CRC committee; juvenile justice systems



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