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Restoration In Josephus

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Chapter Summary

Josephus is of importance in reconstructing the restoration period because while his chief source is I Esdras, he does apparently have additional sources, notably in correcting the chronology of the Persian kings. The two chief leaders in the return of the Jews from Babylonian Captivity, Ezra and Nehemiah, are given extraordinarily little space in Josephus. Josephus heightens the role of Zerubbabel, referring to him as Darius friend and complimenting him for his wisdom, as shown notably in his speech demonstrating the power of women and, above all, of truth. He makes no mention of Isaiah 40, which alludes to the return from Babylonian captivity. When he does mention Isaiahs prophecy that King Cyrus of Persia will send the Jews back to their home, it is to build the Temple.

Keywords: Babylonian captivity; Ezra; Jews; Josephus; King Cyrus of Persia; Nehemiah; restoration period; Zerubbabel



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