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Introduction: The Influence Of Hellenism On Jews In Palestine In The Hellenistic Period

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Chapter Summary

The monumental works by Goodenough and Hengel deserve special mention in seeking to break down the cultural barrier between Palestine and the Diaspora in the Hellenistic period. Since the appearance of Martin Hengel's Judentum und Hellenismus in 1969, it has been the subject of a tremendous amount of scholarly attention. It is fair to say that the majority of scholars have accepted Hengel's thesis that Jews and Judaism in Palestine were already significantly influenced by Hellenism in the third and second centuries b.c.e. before the Maccabean revolt as seen in Jewish books of that era and archaeological evidence. The most obvious evidence of Greek influence in Palestine during the early centuries c.e. is to be seen in the presence of Greek inscriptions. Thus Hengel points to the fact that we have a number of public inscriptions in Greek dating from the period of the Second Temple.

Keywords: Goodenough; Hellenism; Hellenistic Period; influence; Jews; Judentum und Hellenismus; Martin Hengel; Palestine; Second Temple



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