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New Testament Citations In The Ḥadīth Literature And The Question Of Early Gospel Translations Into Arabic

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Chapter Summary

It is clear from a reading of Ḥadīth literature that there are large numbers of translated verses from the Bible and ascetic sayings, probably taken verbally from monks in the area of Syria-Palestine. Author proposes that there was a Muslim translation of the Gospel of Matthew into Arabic, or at least of those parts which were not objectionable to early Muslims. He thinks that the large number of citations indicating this Gospel, the redaction work done to make many of them acceptable, or even attaching them to the figure of the Prophet Muḥammad, and their eventual entrance into much larger field of Ḥadīth literature, point to this conclusion. The most convincing reason is the fact that this Gospel is designed to show most clearly the appearance of Kingdom of Heaven upon earth. This chapter examines Jesus’ position in early Islam and then discusses the question of the New Testament translations.

Keywords: Ḥadīth literature; Arabic; Bible; citations; Jesus; Kingdom of Heaven; Muslims; New Testament translations; Prophet Muḥammad



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