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Islam And Oriens Christianus: Makka 610-622 Ad

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Chapter Summary

Makka has a privileged position for the two Quests. Attempts to follow Muḥammad in his travels as caravan leader before his call and to detect influences on him during these travels are necessary and called for, but they tend to remain hypothetical and inconclusive. Scholars also made Muḥammad a polyglot and credited him with knowledge of some of the languages of Near East, such as Hebrew and Syriac-Aramaic. This chapter argues for his knowledge of one Semitic language other than his native Arabic. It attends to the axis of Makka-Najrān and pays special attention to it for the rise of Qurʾanic Christology, and the most important of the three Qurʾanic dogmas, namely its own inimitability. Of the many peoples of Oriens Christianus to whom the Gospel was preached, the Arabs were one of the few whose literature was already flourishing, unlike the Armenians, the Georgians, the Ethiopians and the Slavs.

Keywords: gospel; Islam; Makka; Makka-Najrān; Muḥammad; Oriens Christianus; Qurʾanic Christology; Semitic language



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