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Answers For The Shaykh: A ‘Melkite’ Arabic Text From Sinai And The Doctrines Of The Trinity And The Incarnation In ‘Arab Orthodox’ Apologetics

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Chapter Summary

This chapter examines in some detail one small Christian tract, written in Arabic by a now unknown author, as one example of how Christian thinkers in the Islamic milieu chose to commend the doctrines of the Trinity and the Incarnation to inquiring Muslims. The author of the tract was a ‘Melkite’. The chapter unfolds under the following headings: the beginnings of Melkite theology in Arabic in Jerusalem in the late eighth century; the presentation of the Arabic tract in its single manuscript source, with special attention to the structure of the text and the unfolding of the author’s arguments; and finally a discussion of the role of the quotations from the Qurʾan in the tract, and the author’s use of Qurʾanic references and modes of expression, in the service of his basically apologetic enterprise of contextualizing Christian theology within the parameters of the discourse of the non-Christian, Islamic scripture.

Keywords: Arabic tract; Christian tract; doctrines of the Trinity; incarnation; Islamic scripture; Jerusalem; Melkite; Qurʾan; Sinai

10.1163/ej.9789004149380.i-338.56
/content/books/10.1163/ej.9789004149380.i-338.56
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