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Marx’s methodological project as a whole

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Chapter Summary

This chapter begins with a look at Marx's methodological project as a whole, placing the competition of capitals in the context of Marx's schema. The 'scientifically correct method' that Marx described employs the scientist's instrument, 'the power of abstraction', and reasons from simple concepts to deduce an understanding of the whole as 'a rich totality of many determinations and relations'. Essence and appearance are inseparably united as two sides of reality - the inner connections and the multiplicity of outward forms. We cannot understand that reality if we stop the process of reasoning at the point where essence has been logically developed, we stop it prematurely because we do not understand essence if we do not understand why it appears as it does. Capital as a whole, is a 'unity-in-process of production and circulation' whose moments are identified in the subtitles of the three volumes of Capital.

Keywords: appearance; capital; essence; power of abstraction



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