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Chapter Summary

This chapter discusses the 28 letters of the alphabets. The first letter is &t;hamza&t;, it represents a glottal stop. It is distinguished from 'alif (although the two are occasionally, albeit inaccurately, used interchangeably) which represents a somewhat front (or back) open long vowel. The second is &t;ba&t; , it represents a voiced bi-labial plosive sound and the last one is &t;ya&t;,representing either a palatal semi-vowel y, as in yaqdir, or an approximately close, front, unrounded, long vowel i, as in qadir.

Keywords: yaqdir; hamza



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