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The Integrated Coastal and Ocean Management Framework

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Chapter Summary

From an ecological standpoint, the transition zone between land and sea represents one of the most difficult environments for life on the surface of this planet. Integrated coastal and ocean management (ICOM) planning focuses on the increasing economic, social and environment pressures on coastal areas. However, maritime issues have hardly been raised in the discussions regarding the development of ICOM. Oceanographic and hydrographic conditions, including currents, wave patterns, ice conditions and bottom topography, play a central role in the decision regarding the location of a place of refuge. The authorities involved in coastal and ocean management planning should collaborate with the maritime administrations and the shipping industry in assessing the most probable course of events in case of an accident, considering shipping routes, types of vessels, and cargoes. The maritime administration should also act more proactively and collaborate with other actors in the ICOM planning process.

Keywords: integrated coastal and ocean management (ICOM) planning process; maritime administration; refuge



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