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Chapter Summary

The Fish Stocks Agreement is comprehensive, consisting of 50 articles divided into 13 parts, in addition to two annexes. The impact of the Fish Stocks Agreement on the law of the sea largely depends on the number of states and which states that become parties to it. This chapter focuses on the principles directly relating to the conservation of straddling fish stocks and highly migratory fish stocks: the precautionary approach and the protection of marine biodiversity. It deals with the organization of the cooperation and decision-making process, the allocation of rights to participate in the regulated fisheries, and transparency in the decision-making process. The chapter also focuses on the responsibilities of flag states to implement and enforce the measures in respect of their vessels in accordance with their exclusive jurisdiction on the high seas.

Keywords: Fish Stocks Agreement; flag states; marine biodiversity; territorial jurisdiction



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