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Chapter Summary

This chapter looks at those documents in the archives that have been qualified as marriage contracts: P.Yadin 10, P.Yadin 18 and P.Hever 65. The documents present interesting material as they may all have been qualified as marriage contracts. P.Yadin 10 can be considered as an early example of the later Jewish ketubba, P.Yadin 18 seems to resemble a Greek marriage contract4 and P.Hever 65 mentions continuation of life together and could therefore testify to a practice of ‘premarital cohabitation’ or agraphos gamos, unwritten marriage. The three documents together provide excellent material for a closer look at the way in which marriage related documents were drafted within one community at a particular moment, and to raise questions as to what this evidence means for our understanding of the legal environment.

Keywords: Babatha archive; marriage; P.Yadin; Roman law; Salome Komaise archive



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