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Chapter Summary

Religious discrimination in Canada’s current education system arises from a framework of human rights protection which was designed for the nineteenth century. Ontario is the only province in Canada that significantly advantages only one religious group in its school funding, namely, Roman Catholics. The Waldman case alleged that Canada violated its international obligations under the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights by refusing to fund students attending Bialik Hebrew Day School on an equal basis as those students attending Ontario Roman Catholic schools. In 1976, Canada ratified the international covenant on civil and political rights (ICCPR) which contained specific legal obligations concerning non-discrimination. The Optional Protocol allows individuals to submit claims of violations of the Covenant to the UN Human Rights Committee on condition, among other things, that all domestic judicial avenues have been exhausted.

Keywords: Canada; ICCPR; Roman Catholics; UN Human Rights Committee



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