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Messianic Priest Traditions In Second Temple Judaism

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Chapter Summary

Already in the mid-1950s, several scholars-including Otto Michel, Yigael Yadin, David Flusser, Jean Daniélou, Ceslas Spicq, and Hans Kosmala-were proposing numerous similarities of thought between the Dead Sea Scrolls and Hebrews, some even identifying the recipients of the epistle as Essenes. Like Horton, Franco Manzi sees a contrast between the understanding of Melchizedek's nature in 11QMelchizedek and Hebrews, but his distinctive idea is that Melchizedek is simply another name forYahweh in the scroll rather than that of an agent of God. For scholars of the New Testament, the abundant evidence in the Dead Sea Scrolls of messianic beliefs in a Jewish community roughly contemporary with and in close geographical proximity to earliest Christianity has been an issue of significant interest for decades. Scholars occasionally have suggested that the understanding of Jesus in early Christianity was influenced by post-biblical Jewish angel speculation.

Keywords: 11QMelchizedek; Christianity; Dead Sea Scrolls; Hebrews; Jewish community; messianic beliefs; New Testament; Otto Michel; Yigael Yadin

10.1163/ej.9789004149878.i-228.17
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