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Melchizedek Traditions In Second Temple Judaism

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Chapter Summary

Melchizedek's reception of tithes from and pronouncement of blessing on Abraham are key parts of Hebrews' argument that Jesus holds a priestly status greater than that of the Levitical priests. Melchizedek is discussed in only two passages in the Hebrew Bible, Gen 14:18-20 and Ps 110:4. Melchizedek is mentioned in numerous Jewish texts of the Second Temple period. The Genesis Apocryphon was discovered in cave 1 near Qumran and as such was among the earliest Dead Sea Scrolls to come to light. Melchizedek appears in several texts found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, both in texts composed in the community or shared with wider Judaism. Melchizedek appears in several texts found among the Dead Sea Scrolls, both in texts composed in the community or shared with wider Judaism.

Keywords: Abraham; Dead Sea Scrolls; Genesis Apocryphon ; Hebrew Bible; Jewish texts; Judaism; Melchizedek; Qumran; Second Temple period

10.1163/ej.9789004149878.i-228.22
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