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The Priestly Christology Of Hebrews And Qumran Traditions

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Chapter Summary

The nature of Jesus' priesthood is very significant. His priesthood is greater than the Levitical priesthood because his is like Melchizedek's, which in turn was shown superior to the Levitical order when Abraham paid tithes to him. This chapter describes a narrative analysis of the theology expressed by the author of Hebrews. It also discusses these shared views on priestly messianism and Melchizedek evident in Hebrews and the Qumran texts. The author of Hebrews expresses a theological understanding of Jesus as divine yet Davidic Son and messianic priest. Several points in Hebrews' thought intersect with ideas also known from the Qumran texts. The cosmology is similar, but that could be said of numerous Second Temple Jewish texts. One must consider whether presentations of Jesus in Hebrews and the priestly messiah of Qumran are actually similar.

Keywords: Abraham; Hebrews; Melchizedek; priestly messiah; Qumran texts; Second Temple Jewish texts

10.1163/ej.9789004149878.i-228.26
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