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Chapter Summary

The three Nordic countries all adopted the fundamental idea of judicially enforceable constitutional limitations on government either in the 19th or very early in the 20th century. In all three of the Nordic countries dealt with in this study, certain factors in domestic law and legal history made it compelling to view constitutions as regular, binding law, which was unusual in Europe at the time. Once the constitutions had been accepted as binding, it was a relatively small step to apply them also to the acts of the legislatures. This explains in part why these countries adopted judicial review while most European countries did not, but this does not explain why Norwegian law was at the forefront. It brings us closer to an answer to the question of why American law more or less ceased to influence Nordic constitutional law directly after 1970.

Keywords: American law; judicial review; Nordic countries



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