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Josephus and Strabo: The reasons for a choice

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Chapter Summary

This chapter proposes a new approach to Strabo's fragments in Books 13 and 14 of the Antiquities, in order to investigate the reasons why Josephus preferred Strabo and to identify further possible relations between Strabo's work and Antiquities 13-14. It tries to answer the following question: did Josephus know Strabo's work directly or did he only quote it indirectly? It concludes that Josephus knew and consulted Strabo's Historika Hypomnemata directly, especially with reference to Books 13 and 14 of the Antiquities, even when no express reference to Strabo is made. Strabo, who belonged to one of those pro-Roman, eastern elites that supported Rome enthusiastically, was a sort of model for Josephus (especially after the catastrophe of the war) as part of a group of intellectuals and, in particular, of historians whose status was completely established within the reality of the empire.

Keywords: Antiquities; Josephus; Rome; Strabo



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