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Chapter Summary

Fifteen Hebrew copies of the book of Jubilees, an extrabiblical book composed in the second century B.C.E. that rewrites the Pentateuch from the beginning until the middle of Exodus, were preserved at Qumran. Since the first studies of the Dead Sea Scrolls, Jubilees has occupied a prominent place within the literature of its time. jubilees are rightly considered one of the prominent examples of “Rewritten Bible”. The work generally follows the content and order of Genesis and Exodus, although sometimes certain changes in sequence have been introduced, often due to chronological considerations. The four primary ideological and theological positions that Jubilees has introduced into the stories of the Torah, with the first two unique to this work, can be described as follows: the giving of laws to Israel prior to Sinai; a heptadic chronological system; angelology; and Priestly Outlook.

Keywords: Dead Sea Scrolls; Exodus; Genesis; Jubilees; Pentateuch; Qumran; Torah



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