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The Exodus ( Jubilees 48–49)

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Chapter Summary

The rewritten story distinguishes between God who commanded Moses to return to Egypt, and another character, Prince Mastema, who tried to prevent Moses from arriving there. In Jubilees. 48:12, Mastema takes the place of God, and he encourages the Egyptians to pursue the Israelites. Exodus v. 12 solves the theological problem posed by the biblical story, that God hardened Egypt’s heart and encouraged them to pursue the Israelites, thus bringing about their demise. Following the rewritten Exodus story in Jub. 48, ch. 49 presents a halakhic passage that contains the Passover laws. The biblical description of the plague of the firstborn connects it to the observance of the Passover law in Egypt, through the blood of the lamb that was used in order to protect the Israelite firstborn. This plague is mentioned both in the narrative sections of Exodus and twice in the legal passage.

Keywords: Egypt; Exodus; halakhic passage; Israelite; Jubilees; passover laws; plague; Prince Mastema



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