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The Commandments, The Covenant, And The Election Of Israel

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Chapter Summary

The Sabbath law in Jubilees. 2 are presented within the context of its own rewritten creation story. Genesis 2:1–3, which includes a description of God’s rest, and the sanctification and blessing of the day, was transformed in Jub. 2:24b–33 into a legal precedent obligating Israel in the observance of the Sabbath. The Sabbath of creation as a precedent for the earthly Sabbath is thus not the invention of Jubilees. In two passages (2:24b–33; 3:8–14), the laws are defined by the expression “Torah and te‘udah”. Regarding the terminology employed by Jubilees, the eternal “Tablets of Heaven” parallel the “Tablets of Ēdut” or “Tablets of Covenant” given at Sinai. The new role of the heavenly tablets as tablets of the “Torah and te‘udah” attests to the centrality of the notion of covenant and commandments in the worldview of the redactor of Jubilees.

Keywords: God; heavenly tablets; Israel; Jubilees; Sabbath law; Sinai; Te‘udah; Torah



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