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Trafficking and Smuggling in France: Social Problems as Transnational Security Issues

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Chapter Summary

The chapter seeks to contextualize the current period and focuses on trafficking in human beings and human smuggling. It examines the ways in which the French executive has resorted to irregular migration and regularizations as a means of managing migration flows in the post-war era yet has only recently focused on illegal entries and smuggling as well as trafficking. It then focuses on the consequences of "importing" new terms via the UN and EU to address complex phenomena such as prostitution in the French context. The chapter also examines the main issues that have entered the French political debate: foreign prostitutes on French streets, Romanian minors and migrants in the Calais region attempting to cross to the UK. It outlines the social phenomenon, determine the position of political parties, associations and state actors and study the dynamics of the policy debates. It focuses on the period between 1999 and 2004.

Keywords: European Union (EU); foreign prostitutes; France; human smuggling; irregular migration; Romanian minors; social phenomenon; trafficking; United Nations (UN)



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