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Introduction To The Book Of Joel

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Chapter Summary

The book of Joel was composed an indeterminate number of years after the locust plagues. It may be surmised that Joel’s preaching was originally addressed to both the Jerusalem cultus and to the greater Judean populace. After a period of time either he, his disciples, or both committed his words to writing. The language of Joel is the strongest means of attesting to the unity and dating of the book. Joel’s style of language betrays him as a learned Schriftprophet, as Merx, Wolff and Jeremias have contended. The book shows that he is a Judean prophet who is quite familiar and at home with the cult in Jerusalem. He respects the priestly office and its cultic functions. The theological Hauptbegriff of the book of Joel is the Day of the Lord. This theme is interwoven through all parts of the book. It is mentioned five times.

Keywords: book of Joel; Day of the Lord; Jerusalem cultus; Judean populace; Schriftprophet



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