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Joel’S Use Of Scripture In 1:1-2:17

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Chapter Summary

Determining the use of scripture in Joel is tied to verifiable observations of literary appropriations. Its function in situ, however, is determined, in part, by the literary genre to which it is attached. This chapter seeks to determine the function of scripture in 1:1-2:17. The sub-discipline of comparative midrash together with elements of Kristevan intertextuality and Bakhtinian dialogism are employed to determine the receptor hermeneutics of Joel’s דבר תחת. These hermeneutical tools study the intersection of textual surfaces to determine contextual meaning of exterior texts and its resignification in its synchronic application in the present composition. The first half of the book (1:2-2:17) records the carefully redacted sayings and fragmented speeches of the prophet and Yahweh. These consist of two calls to communal lamentation at the temple, with the central focus for a national summons to return to their God, which is based on an attribute formula of Yahweh’s character.

Keywords: Bakhtinian dialogism; comparative midrash; Joel; Kristevan intertextuality; prophet; scripture; Yahweh



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