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Joel’S Use Of Scripture In 3:1-4:21

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Chapter Summary

This chapter presents an overview of the themes and structures of Joel 3-4. Exploring this material facilitates the proper understanding of the context in which Joel situates his use of scripture. Chapter 3 marks a significant transition point in the Jahwerede. The function of the chronological notation is to shift the focus onto the topic of the Day of Yahweh. Joel begins the second half of his book with a bifurcated introductory answer to the people’s laments. The differentiation between the two types of oracles in 2:21-27 and 3:1-4:17 shows that the conjunctive formula is meant to be understood as both a temporal and topical transition point in Joel’s second two-staged Erkenntnisformel. This announcement of salvation follows with five discernible units in 3:1, 4:1-3, 4:4-8, 4:9-17, and 4:18-21.

Keywords: Day of Yahweh; Jahwerede; Joel 3-4; use of scripture



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