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The Use Of Joel 3 In Acts 2: Its Particularistic, Apologetic, Salvific, Christological And Pneumatic Emphases

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Chapter Summary

This chapter aims to follow the Nachleben of Joel 3:1-5 (MT) in the Petrine speech account (Acts 2:14-41). The methodology of comparative midrash focuses on the intersection of both diachronic and synchronic textual surfaces, in order to discern the function of an antecedent passage’s recontextualization. Through this approach, the chapter addresses the hermeneutical purpose that christology, ecclesiology, and pneumatology play in the text. Luke’s appropriation of the Joeline eschatological Zwischenzeit is also discussed in light of the Sitz im Leben of the early Jewish ecclesia. The chapter highlights the functional diversity that Joel occupies in the text. One must determine the purposes for which Joel is being called upon to serve within each structural unit of Peter’s speech. It is also important to highlight the function of canonical hermeneutics for Joel’s Nachleben in the New Testament. Bakhtin makes some helpful notes concerning the characteristics of canonical literature in general.

Keywords: Acts 2:14-41; Bakhtin; early Jewish ecclesia; Joel 3:1-5; Joel’s Nachleben; Joeline eschatological Zwischenzeit; Luke; New Testament

10.1163/ej.9789004150799.i-444.51
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