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1. The History of United Nations Reform Efforts, 1950 to 2002

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Chapter Summary

The end of the Cold War resulted in a rediscovery and renaissance of the United Nations. The Secretary-General was called upon to work out ways of reforming and reinforcing the Secretariat structure in the area of peacekeeping. The United Nations experienced an unprecedented increase in peacekeeping and highlighted the need to introduce management reforms at the operational level. In order to address more fundamental problems, the Secretary-General proposed to hold a Millennium Summit and Assembly in 2000 and to review new concepts of trusteeship and the United Nations system. The summit approved the Millennium Declaration, reaffirming the Organization's values and principles and rededicating it to the promotion of peace and security, sustainable development, human rights, democracy, and good governance. The Millennium Declaration of 2000 and the Secretary-General's Road Map for implementation of the Millennium Declaration provided the overall priorities for United Nations activities in the coming years.

Keywords: cold war; human rights; Millennium Declaration; Millennium Summit; peacekeeping; renaissance; United Nations



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