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Punishment In General

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Chapter Summary

In 1954, Anthony Flew set out a series of requirements for the definition of punishment: punishment must be an evil or something unpleasant for the victim, inflicted, at least supposedly, from motives of an offence having been committed, inflicted on the presumed offender, in virtue of an authority conferred by institutions against whose norms the offence has been committed. Sociology thinks more in terms of crime rather than offences, the latter being wider in scope and more neutral than the former. Contemporary philosophers have made important contributions to the development of traditional approaches to punishment and have influenced the analysis of the subject in a noteworthy way. In conclusion, taking into account modern exegetic orientations, and the text itself of Holy Scriptures, we might affirm that the objection of those who deny retributive justice, basing their arguments on Scriptural texts, lacks consistency.

Keywords: contemporary philosophers; crime; holy scriptures; offence; punishment; sociology; victim



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