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Archaeological And Epigraphic Evidence

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Chapter Summary

The Jewish community of Rome left late archaeological evidence that dates back to the third and the fourth centuries. The five Jewish catacombs found in the suburbium also open many questions. The difficulties in dating the catacombs are reflected in the difficulties in dating the inscriptions discovered inside, which are almost the totality of the inscriptions of Rome. This chapter describes the discovery, structure and dating of the five Jewish catacombs : 1) The Catacomb of Monteverde; 2) The catacomb of Vigna Randanini; 3) The Catacomb of Vigna Cimarra; 4) The Catacomb of via Labicana; 5) Catacombs of Villa Torlonia. One of the main peculiarities of the Jewish inscriptions is the use of synagogue titles, prestigious enough to be mentioned in a funerary inscription. Conversely, the job and the place the deceased had in the Roman society is seldom recorded.

Keywords: Catacombs; Jewish community; Monteverde; Rome; via Labicana; Vigna Cimarra; Vigna Randanini; Villa Torlonia



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