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Chapter Summary

The pieces of evidence we have on the Jewish community of Rome are often late and fragmentary. The picture emerging from the survey of the sources is not completely satisfactory even on aspects that the Roman community shares with other centres of the Jewish Diaspora within the Imperial borderlines. The structure of the Jewish community of Alexandria was even more complex. The period that follows the fall of Jerusalem is not documented. The first epigraphic and archaelogical evidence date to the III/IV century. In those years the community was largely grecophone, although a minority spoke Latin as their main language. The bilingualism of the Roman community can hardly be considered exceptional. In Rome, Greek is not only the language of the daily life, but also of the ritual: Hebrew is relegated to a few formulae, but the Bible is quoted according to the Septuagint.

Keywords: Bible; Diaspora; Greek; Jewish community; Latin; Roman community



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