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Introduction

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Chapter Summary

A cursory reading of the Jewish inscriptions of Rome seems to reveal the organization of the community in some detail. The equalization of the synagogue with the collegium is based upon passages of Suetonius and Flavius Josephus. In the works of Philo the term often recurs to indicate the idea of company, but also general places of aggregation or undefined groups. The presence of a gerous¤a,, a central assembly able to coordinate the synagogues and to create a net between the community and the Romans, is a debated question. Some aspects of the social and economic life of the community could have required the coordination of a central assembly, as the management of the allotments used as cemeteries. The Roman legislation of Late Antiquity often deals with the Jewish courts of justice. However, our knowledge of their organization is not better.

Keywords: Flavius Josephus; Jewish courts; organization of the community; Philo; Romans; Suetonius

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