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The Historical Development

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Chapter Summary

The Jewish presence in Rome is apparently attested in a controversial passage of Valerius Maximus, which mentions the expulsion from Rome both of the Jews and of the Chaldaeans in 139 B.C. Groups of Jews probably frequented Southern Italy from the middle of the second century, as a result of the treaties between Rome and Judaea. According to Smallwood, it was a conscious choice due to a superficial knowledge of the facts. In her opinion, Josephus knew the issuing of the ban but could date it only vaguely, during the reign of Tiberius. According to Tacitus, quattuor milia libertini generis ea superstitione infecta were brought to Sardinia to fight brigandage. Ceteri had to leave Italy if they did not reject their faith within a prearranged date. A new intervention against the Jewish community of Rome occurred during the reign of Claudius.

Keywords: Chaldaeans; Claudius; Jewish; Josephus; Rome; Tiberius; Valerius Maximus



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