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The Translators, Their Task And Achievement

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Chapter Summary

The Septuagint is the earliest recorded known written translation of the Bible. Three main reasons are postulated for the translation: literary, educational, and liturgical. This chapter investigates the background of the Greek translation of the Bible in general, how social/cultural factors influenced the translators and the way they approached their task of translating Hebrew (particularly the verbs), and what they produced in accomplishing such a task. The success of the translation depends on the ability of the translator to understand the source and perform in the target language. In addition to the translators' facility in source and target languages, other factors also influenced the translation. The chapter looks at those factors before dealing with the method and kind of translation that was produced, which was governed by the translators' view of the source text and source and target languages, along with examples and precedents, combined with the translators' ability.

Keywords: Bible; Greek translation; Hebrew; Septuagint; social/cultural factors; target language; translators



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