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Democrite et l’objet de la philosophie naturelle. a propos des sens de ΦΥΣΙΣ chez Democrite

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Chapter Summary

Democritus is undoubtedly a natural philosopher, and he was rightly perceived as such by all its ancient readers. This chapter focuses on two points: the existence or absence of a historia peri phuseôs Democritus, and the meaning of the term Σις in the fragments and testimonies. The implicit distinction of various levels of causal analysis and recognition of relatively stable structures in the compounds justify the diversity of specialized surveys, including the catalog of Thrasyllus notably evidenced by the existence of humans and animals, but also on the senses, colors, celestial phenomena, air, land, etc. The difficulty to have a clear idea of the purpose of Democritean philosophy of nature, is to articulate a fundamental archeology radically reductionist with etiologic method. The original context of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: Democritean philosophy; Thrasyllus; Σις



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