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Democrite au lycee: La definition

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Chapter Summary

The interest of Aristotle for Democritean thesis differences is not limited to the physical realm, but finds its full development in a logical theory, the theory of the definition, which is expressed in the central metaphysical analysis treaties. This positive logic reception is all the more remarkable that it coexists with the well known physical criticism of atomism. Thus Democritus image from the Aristotelian texts is highly contrasted, depending on whether it comes from treated metaphysical or physical treaties. This chapter describes the positive testimony on Democritean method, and focuses on the claims of Democritus forerunner in the field of definitions. It also describes how the Aristotelian theory of definition is deeply inscribed in a lineage that Democritus is the ancestor, which marks the exhaustion of division or differentiation potential of the first kind. The original context of the chapter is in French.

Keywords: atomism; Aristotelian theory of definition; Democritean thesis; metaphysical analysis treaties



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