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From Protective Passports to Protected Entry Procedures? the Legacy of Raoul Wallenberg in the Contemporary Asylum Debate

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Chapter Summary

Levine launched the concept of 'bureaucratic resistance' to describe the role of protectors assumed by civil servants. This effort was backed up by the Swedish government, and reinforced substantially with the arrival of Raoul Wallenberg, who contributed the idea of 'protective passports'. Protected Entry Procedures allow states to bypass human smugglers and to communicate directly with the potential migrant: dissuading those with weak claims or no claims at all, and offering documented and legal migration to those fulfilling the set criteria. Protected entry procedures are characterized by legal predictability rather than political expediency. It is to be hoped that the European Commission will succeed in engaging Member States in a serious discussion on the role of Protected Entry Procedures in the future Common European Asylum System.

Keywords: bureaucratic resistance; Common European Asylum System; European commission; legal predictability; protected entry procedure; protective passport; Raoul Wallenberg



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