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Excavated Synagogues Dating To The Byzantine Period

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Chapter Summary

Archaeological evidence for ancient synagogues dating after the destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem has been found at 63 sites in Palaestina Prima, Secunda and Tertia. This chapter presents archaeological evidence for the identification and dating of 23 of those attested synagogue buildings dating from the fourth to seventh centuries. These are subdivided into two groups. The first group contains unequivocal cases selected on the basis of published evidence from the excavation. The second group features an equivocal category, either because the archaeological evidence for their dating is less firm, or because there is less evidence that the building was used as a synagogue. Fragments of carved stone acanthus leaves belonging to a small capital were found under the stone benches attached to the northern wall. The construction date of the synagogue at Capernaum has continually aroused interest since the nineteenth century.

Keywords: ancient synagogues; archaeological evidence; Capernaum; Jerusalem



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