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Evolution And Ancient Synagogues

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Chapter Summary

The idea of an evolutionary development of synagogue buildings owes its underpinning to an inherently flawed, nineteenth-century concept of Jews and Judaism in the aftermath of the Jerusalem Temple's destruction. More recently, some Israeli scholars have challenged Corbo and Loffreda's revised dating of Capernaum to the fifth century in order to buttress the 'three types' theory. According to the archaeologists, the survey showed distinct differences in assemblages of ceramic forms between Upper and Lower Galilee. Ilan's Ancient Synagogues in Israel was published in 1991 by the Israel Ministry of Defense as a guide and catalogue of every building considered a synagogue. For as excavations reveal more synagogues built in the late fourth century or later, a reassessment can start of the impact of Byzantine art on ancient synagogues.

Keywords: ancient synagogues; Byzantine art; Jerusalem; Judaism

10.1163/ej.9789004151864.i-580.9
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