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Terrorism, Asylum and Immigration in Italian Law

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Chapter Summary

Since its inception in the late 1960s, terrorism has almost always been perpetrated by one of the numerous Italian criminal organisations, composed of Italian citizens, with opposing political views. In 1975, a sweeping criminal and police legislation was passed to counteract this phenomenon, which gradually grew more powerful and diversified, but it still does not provide for specific sanctions against foreigners convicted of acts of terrorism. Italy did not enact specific legislation dealing with terrorist attacks by foreigners following the first Gulf War in 1991, nor are there any reports of the ordinary anti-terrorism legislation having been applied to foreigners. Foreigners were, however, subject to specific ‘national security’ provisions in the criminal and immigration field, which provided authorities with a wide degree of discretion in terms of admitting access to asylum determination procedures, denying entry, allowing for deportation and the regularisation of status.

Keywords: anti-terrorism; asylum; criminal legislation; first Gulf War; foreigners; immigration; Italian criminal organisations; police legislation; political views; terrorism



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