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From Gulf War to Gulf War - Years of Security Concern in Immigration and Asylum Policies at European Level

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Chapter Summary

This chapter places changes in EU policy and legislation related to the immigration and asylum fields post-11 September 2001 within a wider time-frame of development by starting with a comparative description of the reaction to the first Gulf War of 1991. A tangible parallel between the two periods under comparison is that the 1991 Gulf War was accompanied by a significant terrorist scare. During the runup to the war, Iraq voiced threats of unleashing a wave of terrorist attacks on coalition countries if military action would be undertaken against it, and several attacks occurred on the territory of EC Member States which were ascribed to the Iraqi State. The chapter illustrates that these events in relation to the 1991 Gulf War provoked a reflex reaction towards migration control comparable to that after 9/11, although far more limited in scale and visibility especially where concerning the response at the European level.

Keywords: asylum fields; EC Member States; EU policy; Gulf War; Iraq; military action; terrorist attacks



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