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State Practice in the Aftermath of the Un Convention on the Law of the Sea: the Exclusive Economic Zone and the Mediterranean Sea

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Chapter Summary

The peoples that have lived on the coasts and islands of the Mediterranean Sea have valid reasons for being proud of their contribution to the developments of rules regulating the uses of the seas. The regime of the EEZ has been established at the Third United Nations Conference on the Law of the Sea ("UNCLOS III") in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea ("LOS Convention") as the result of a compromise between the majority of the coastal States, mostly developing countries, and the main maritime powers. The main argument, openly advanced by the Italian authors against the establishment of EEZs in the Mediterranean, was the supposed danger that such a development could cause problems to the freedom of navigation in the most important routes connecting Gibraltar, the Suez Canal and the Straits of the Dardanelles, the Sea of Marmara and the Bosphorus.

Keywords: Bosphorus; Dardanelles; EEZ; Gibraltar; LOS Convention; Marmara; Mediterranean Sea; Suez Canal; United Nations Conference



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