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The Turkish Intervention and Turkeys Continued Presence in the Northern Part of Cyprus

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Chapter Summary

The UN Security Council adopted four successive resolutions during the second phase of the Turkish intervention. The European Commission of Human Rights, in its report of 10 July 1976, pointed to severe violations of human rights committed by the Turkish army against Greek Cypriot civilian population. On 15 November 1983 the Legislative Assembly unanimously adopted a resolution according to which the Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC) was declared an independent State. The Turkish army used force, as prohibited in Article 2(4) UN-Charter, when entering Cyprus and establishing control over 37% of its territory. According to Article 51 of the Vienna Convention, force exercised against representatives of the State in order to coerce the signing of a treaty is a ground of invalidity. The second phase of the Turkish intervention in 1974 breached the international law prohibition against the use of force.

Keywords: Greek Cypriot; human rights; international law; Turkish army; Turkish intervention; Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus (TRNC); UN Security Council; UN-Charter; Vienna Convention



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