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UN Efforts to Foster a Settlement 19751995

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Chapter Summary

United Nations (UN) involvement dates back to 1964 when the Security Council, in its resolution establishing UNFICYP, also recommended that Secretary-General U Thant should appoint a mediator in agreement with the three Guarantor powers. On 17 June 1983, the Legislative Assembly of the Turkish Federated State of Cyprus adopted a resolution on the self-determination of the Turkish Cypriot population of Cyprus. In 1993, Boutros-Ghali shifted the focus from the framework agreement to confidence-building measures. Customary international law defines an international agreement with reference to four criteria. Two subjects of international law (1) must express a common will (2) to take legal commitments (3) governed by international law (4). The Greek Cypriots, for example, rejected the proposal of Pèrez de Cuèllar of December 1984, and subsequently the modified proposal in March 1986 on the grounds of missing timeframes for the withdrawal of foreign troops.

Keywords: Boutros-Ghali; customary international law; Cyprus; foreign troops; Greek Cypriots; Pèrez de Cuèllar; Security Council; Turkish Cypriot; United Nations (UN)



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