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Cyprus as Candidate for EU Membership

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Chapter Summary

In 1962, one year after the British application for EC membership, Cyprus asked the European Community for an Association Agreement in order to counterbalance the prospect of losing its Commonwealth preferences with Britain. As regards the status of the Turkish Cypriot community, the EC followed the UN line. In its memorandum of 1990, the Turkish Cypriot leadership argued that Cyprus' application was illegal under international law. Drawing from the TRNC Memorandum of 1990, the Turkish Cypriot community was clearly against EU membership. According to Article 170 (1) of the Cypriot Constitution of 1960 the Republic shall, by agreement on appropriate terms, accord most-favoured-nation treatment to Greece, Turkey and the United Kingdom. EU accession negotiations started in 1997 with no Turkish Cypriot participation, as the leadership did not take up the invitation of the Cyprus government to be included in the Cypriot delegation.

Keywords: Association Agreement; Cyprus; EU membership; European Community; international law; Turkish Cypriot community; United Kingdom

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