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The Independence of Cyprus

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Chapter Summary

In ancient times, Cyprus was ruled by different powers. The author, Lord Radcliffe, envisaged a single-chamber legislature with six representatives for the Turkish Cypriot community and 24 for the Greek Cypriot community and others. On 19 June 1958, Prime Minister MacMillan presented a Cyprus plan to the House of Commons. The United Kingdom, Greece and Turkey should jointly administer Cyprus. Implementing the London Agreement, the Treaty of Guarantee was concluded on16 August 1960 between the independent state of Cyprus, Greece, Britain and Turkey. Throughout the 1959 Zurich/London agreements and the 1960 Constitution, the term "communities" is used. In an attempt to characterise the power-sharing arrangements between the two constituent groups of a common State, combined with certain elements of autonomy and special relationship to their motherlands, the description "bi-communalism" was coined.

Keywords: bi-communalism; Cyprus; Greek Cypriot community; House of Commons; London Agreement; Lord Radcliffe; MacMillan; Treaty of Guarantee; Turkish Cypriot community; United Kingdom

10.1163/ej.9789004152236.i-290.6
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