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The Breakdown of Thebi-communal Republic

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Chapter Summary

The Republic of Cyprus was admitted to the United Nations on 21 September 1960 and to the Council of Europe in May 1961. On 21 December 1963, as a few Turkish Cypriots refused to show their identity papers to Greek Cypriot police in Nicosia, two Turkish Cypriots were killed and one of the Greek Cypriot policemen was injured. The Greek Cypriot measures as regards Turkish Cypriot judges were neither satisfactory. Although there is evidence that some Turkish Cypriot judges who still wanted to co-operate with the Greek Cypriots to uphold the bi-communal system, were prevented by their own leaders from doing so, others resumed office in July 1964. It is a well-established principle of international law that a State exists if at least three objective criteria are met: a permanent population, a defined territory, and an independent government.

Keywords: bi-communal system; Cyprus; Greek Cypriots; international law; Turkish Cypriots; United Nations



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