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8 Reforming the Re-education through Labour System

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Chapter Summary

This chapter attempts to answer these questions by reviewing and assessing Re-Education Through Labour System (RTL) which is a unique penal system in China. The concept of the RTL system has never been clearly and officially defined in China. Yet, according to some Chinese scholars, it refers to a set of administrative measures to bring those who have violated laws or disciplines but are not subject to criminal liability for the compulsory "reform through labour". In summary, the RTL system generally applies to two kinds of people: (1) those who have committed minor offences which are no. subject to criminal liability; and (2) those who have disturbed social public order by breaking laws or disciplines, but not seriously enough to be given criminal punishment. The fundamental defect is the encroachment on the human rights of those who are subject to the RTL system.

Keywords: China; Re-Education Through Labour System(RTL)



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